النَّاقِصُ or Naqis verb

النَّاقِصُ verb, where the ل kalima is weak. It means last letter is  و or ي . In written form و is changed with  ا (alif) and ي  with ى (alif maksura) or  ي is remained. Example:

(رَاَى (رَأَيَ

(بَكَى (بَكَيَ

(دَعَا (دَعَوَ

(هَدَى (هَدَيَ

He saw

He survived

He called

He showed way

 

Let’s see its 14 forms here,

الْمَاضِي Verb of Past Tense

Plural

Dual

Singular

 

دَعَوْا

دَعَوَا

دَعَا

Male

دَعَوْنَ

دَعَتَا

دَعَتْ

Female

دَعَوْتُمْ

دَعَوْتُمَا

دَعَوْتَ

Male

دَعَوْتُنَّ

دَعَوْتُمَا

دَعَوْتِ

Female

دَعَوْنَا

 

دَعَوْتُ

Both

 

Points to be noted

· In the case of a third person dual form, the root letter و is present.

· In the case of the third person, plural form ل kalima will vanish. example- دَعَوُوْا  >  دَعَوْا

· To prevent the difficulty due to two sukoon the weak letter of   دَعَاْتْ will be omitted and it will become دَعَتْ

· In the mutaharrik pronouns (نَ، تَ، تُمَا، تُمْ، تِ، تُمَا، تُنَّ، تُ، نَا) ل kalima  will come in its own form.

 

الْمَاضِي  Verb of Past Tense

Plural

Dual

Singular

 

مَشَوْا

مَشَيَا

مَشَى

Male

مَشَيْنَ

مَشَتَا

مَشَتْ

Female

مَشَيْتُمْ

مَشَيْتُمَا

مَشَيْتَ

Male

مَشَيْتُنَّ

مَشَيْتُمَا

مَشَيْتِ

Female

مَشَيْنَا

 

مَشَيْتُ

Both

 

الْمَاضِي  Verb of Past Tense

Plural

Dual

Singular

 

نَسُوْا*

نَسِيَا

نَسِيَ

Male

نَسِيْنَ

نَسِيَتَا

نَسِيَتْ

Female

نَسِيْتُمْ

نَسِيْتُمَا

نَسِيْتَ

Male

نَسِيْتُنَّ

نَسِيْتُمَا

نَسِيْتِ

Female

نَسِيْنَا

 

نَسِيْتُ

Both

* no jer before و, therefore, نَسِوْا <  نَسُوْا

 

الْمَاضِي  Verb of Past Tense

Plural

Dual

Singular

 

رَأَوْا

رَأَيَا

رَأَى

Male

رَأَيْنَ

رَأَتَا

رَأَتْ

Female

رَأَيْتُمْ

رَأَيْتُمَا

رَأَيْتَ

Male

رَأَيْتُنَّ

رَأَيْتُمَا

رَأَيْتِ

Female

رَأَيْنَا

 

رَأَيْتُ

Both

 

Points to be noted for the present tense form of  the النَّاقِصُ  verb:  

Marfu:

1. The ‘lam’ kalima (و  or ي) come back and the pesh on top of the lam kalima becomes sukoon. example-

الْمُضَارِعُ

<=  Change  <=

الْمَاضِي

يَدْعُوْ

يَدْعُوُ

(دَعَوَ دَعَا

يَبْكِيْ

يَبْكِيُ

(بَكَيَبَكَى

يَنْسَى

يَنْسَيُ

(نَسِيَنَسِيَ

 

2. In case of the third person, plural ل  kalima will vanish  example-

      يَدْعُوُوْنَ=> يَدْعُوْنَ  where   وُ is omitted.

      يَنْسَيُوْنَ  =>  يَنْسَوْنَ  where   يُ is omitted.

      تَدْعُوِيْنَ =>  تَدْعِيْنَ where   وُ is omitted and there cannot be pesh before ي so   عُis converted to عِ

 

الْمُضَارِعُ    Verb of Present Tense

Plural

Dual

Singular

 

يَدْعُوْنَ

يَدْعُوَانِ

يَدْعُوْ

Male

يَدْعُوْنَ

تَدْعُوَانِ

تَدْعُوْ

Female

تَدْعُوْنَ

تَدْعُوَانِ

تَدْعُوْ

Male

تَدْعُوْنَ

تَدْعُوَانِ

تَدْعِيْنَ

Female

نَدْعُوْ

 

أَدْعُوْ

Both

 

الْمُضَارِعُ   Verb of Present Tense

Plural

Dual

Singular

 

يَمْشُوْنَ

يَمْشِيَانِ

يَمْشِيْ

Male

يَمْشِيْنَ

تَمْشِيَانِ

تَمْشِيْ

Female

تَمْشُوْنَ

تَمْشِيَانِ

تَمْشِيْ

Male

تَمْشِيْنَ

تَمْشِيَانِ

تَمْشِيْنَ

Female

نَمْشِيْ

 

أَمْشِيْ

Both

 

الْمُضَارِعُ  Verb of Present Tense

Plural

Dual

Singular

 

يَنْسَوْنَ

يَنْسَيَانِ

يَنْسَى

Male

يَنْسَيْنَ

تَنْسَيَانِ

تَنْسَى

Female

تَنْسَوْنَ

تَنْسَيَانِ

تَنْسَى

Male

تَنْسَيْنَ

تَنْسَيَانِ

تَنْسَيْنَ

Female

نَنْسَى

 

أَنْسَى

Both

 

 الْمُضَارِعُ   Verb of Present Tense

Plural

Dual

Singular

 

يَرَوْنَ

يَرَيَانِ

يَرَى

Male

يَرَيْنَ

تَرَيَانِ

تَرَى

Female

تَرَوْنَ

تَرَيَانِ

تَرَى

Male

تَرَيْنَ

تَرَيَانِ

تَرَيْنَ

Female

نَرَى

 

أَرَى

Both

 

Mansub

1.If a verb ends with و  and ي then jabr on top of it will be pronounced but if it ends with ‘alif’ then jabr on top of it will not be pronounced. example-لَنْ يَدْعُوَ، لَنْ يَبْكِيَ   but لَنْ يَنْسَى

Majjum:

1.   ل kalima will vanish. example,        

لَمْ يَدْعُوْ     =>  لَمْ يَدْعُ   similarly, اُدْعُ

 لَمْ يَبْكِيْ     =>  لَمْ يَبْكِ   similarly, اِبْكِ

 لَمْ يَنْسَىْ   =>  لَمْ يَنْسَ  similarly, اِنْسَ

 

أَمْرٌ  Command

Plural

Dual

Singular

 

اُدْعُوْا

اُدْعُوَا

اُدْعُ

Male

اُدْعُوْنَ

اُدْعُوَا

اُدْعِيْ

Female

نَهِيْ  Prohibition

لا تَدْعُوْا

لا تَدعُوَا

لا تَدْعُ

Male

لا تَدْعُوْنَ

لا تَدعُوَا

لا تَدْعِيْ

Female

 

أَمْرٌ  Command

Plural

Dual

Singular

 

اِمْشُوْا

اِمْشِيَا

اِمْشِ

Male

اِمْشِيْنَ

اِمْشِيَا

اِمْشِيْ

Female

نَهِيْ  Prohibition

لا تَمْشُوْا

لا تَمْشِيَا

لا تَمْشِ

Male

لا تَمْشِيْنَ

لا تَمْشِيَا

لا تَمْشِيْ

Female

 

Naqis verb example-

الْمَصْدَرُ

أَمْرٌ

الْمُضَارِعُ

الْمَاضِي

Verb

تِلَاوَةٌ

اُتْلُ

يَتْلُوْ

تَلَا

To recite

دُعَاءٌ

اُدْعُ

يَدْعُوْ

دَعَا

To call

عَفْوٌ

اُعْفُ

يَعْفُوْ

عَفَا

To forgive

شِكَايَةٌ

اُشْكُ

يَشْكُوْ

شَكَا

To complain

مَحْوٌ

اُمْحُ

يَمْحُوْ

مَحَا

to erase

رَجَاءٌ

اُرْجُ

يَرْجُوْ

رَجا

To expect

مشْيٌ

اِمْشِ

يَمْشِيْ

مَشَى

walk

سَقْيٌ

اِسْقِ

يَسْقِيْ

سَقَى

to drink someone

بِنَاءٌ

اِبْنِ

يَبْنِيْ

بَنَى

to make

بَغْيٌ

اِبْغِ

يَبْغِيْ

بَغَى

to ask something eagerly

نَهْيٌ

اِنْهَ

يَنْهَى

نَهَى

to forbid

جَرَيَانٌ

اِجْرِ

يَجْرِي

جَرَى

to flow

قَضَاءٌ

اِقْضِ

يَقْضِي

قَضَى

To judge

كِفَايَةٌ

اِكْفِ

يَكْفِي

كَفَى

be enough

هِدَايَةٌ

اِهْدِ

يَهْدِي

هَدَى

to show path

عَنيٌ

اِعْنِ

يَعْنِي

عَنَى

to make someone understand

خَشْيَّةٌ

اِخْشَ

يَخْشَى

خَشِيَ

to fear

رِضْوَانٌ

اِرْضَ

يَرْضَى

رَضِيَ

to be satisfied

نِسْيَانٌ

اِنْسَ

يَنْسَى

نَسِيَ

to forget

بَقَاءٌ

اِبْقَ

يَبْقَى

بَقِيَ

to be permanant

لِقَاءٌ

اِلْقَ

يَلْقَى

لَقِيَ

to meet

 

Quranic Example:

Moses scolded his brother, “O Aaron! What prevented you, when you saw them going astray." 20:92

قَالَ يَا هَارُونُ مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذْ رَأَيْتَهُمْ ضَلُّوا

Have you seen the one who denies the final Judgment? 107:1

أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يُكَذِّبُ بِالدِّينِ

Surely Allah does not guide the unjust people. 5:51

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ

He said, "Lord! Surely I have called my people by night and by daytime." 71:5

قَالَ رَبِّ إِنِّي دَعَوْتُ قَوْمِي لَيْلًا وَنَهَارًا

Thereafter We were clement towards you even after that, that possibly you would thank (Us). 2:52

ثُمَّ عَفَوْنَا عَنكُم مِّن بَعْدِ ذَٰلِكَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

When they meet the believers they say, “We believe.” But in private they say ˹to each other˺, “Will you disclose to the believers the knowledge Allah has revealed to you 2:76

وَإِذَا لَقُوا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قَالُوا آمَنَّا وَإِذَا خَلَا بَعْضُهُمْ إِلَىٰ بَعْضٍ قَالُوا أَتُحَدِّثُونَهُم بِمَا فَتَحَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكُمْ

they answered, “We hear and disobey.” The love of the calf was rooted in their hearts because of their disbelief. 2:93

قَالُوا سَمِعْنَا وَعَصَيْنَا وَأُشْرِبُوا فِي قُلُوبِهِمُ الْعِجْلَ بِكُفْرِهِمْ

Even if thou wert to bring to the people of the Book all the Signs (together), they would not follow Thy Qibla; nor art thou going to follow their Qibla. 2:145

وَلَئِنْ أَتَيْتَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ بِكُلِّ آيَةٍ مَّا تَبِعُوا قِبْلَتَكَ ۚ

Whenever lightning strikes, they walk in its light, but when darkness covers them, they stand still. 2:20

كُلَّمَا أَضَاءَ لَهُم مَّشَوْا فِيهِ وَإِذَا أَظْلَمَ عَلَيْهِمْ قَامُوا ۚ

And as for him who feared the station of his Lord (i.e., punishment from his lord) and forbade the self (its) prejudices. 79:40

وَأَمَّا مَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ وَنَهَى النَّفْسَ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ

Go, (both of you), to Firaawn; (Pharaoh) surely he has tyrannized. 20:43

اذْهَبْ إِلَىٰ فِرْعَوْنَ إِنَّهُ طَغَىٰ

We cannot give (our flocks) to drink till the shepherds return from the water. 28:23

قَالَتَا لَا نَسْقِي حَتَّىٰ يُصْدِرَ الرِّعَاءُ

When He decrees a matter, He simply tells it, “Be!” And it is! 2:117

وَإِذَا قَضَىٰ أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُونُ

Say, “I truly fear—if I were to disobey my Lord—the torment of a tremendous Day.” 39:13

قُلْ إِنِّي أَخَافُ إِنْ عَصَيْتُ رَبِّي عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ

but when they reached the place where the two seas meet, they had forgotten all about their fish. 18:61

فَلَمَّا بَلَغَا مَجْمَعَ بَيْنِهِمَا نَسِيَا حُوتَهُمَا

Their recompense is with their Lord: Gardens of Adn (Eden) from beneath which rivers run, eternally (abiding) therein forever. Allah is satisfied with them, and they are satisfied with Him. That is for him who is apprehensive of his Lord. 98:8

جَزَاؤُهُمْ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ جَنَّاتُ عَدْنٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۖ رَّضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَنْ خَشِيَ رَبَّهُ

Why do you not bring us the angels, if you are telling the truth?’15:7

لَّوْ مَا تَأْتِينَا بِالْمَلَائِكَةِ إِن كُنتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ

He will burn in a flaming Fire. 111:3

سَيَصْلَىٰ نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ

a messenger from God, reading out pages [blessed with] purity. 98:2

رَسُولٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ يَتْلُو صُحُفًا مُّطَهَّرَةً

while he fears (Allah) 80:9

وَهُوَ يَخْشَىٰ

And Hell-Fire is brought forth for whoever sees. 79:36

وَبُرِّزَتِ الْجَحِيمُ لِمَن يَرَىٰ

And certainly many partners wrong each other 38:24

وَإِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِّنَ الْخُلَطَاءِ لَيَبْغِي بَعْضُهُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ

 


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