اَلْحُرُوفُ الشَّمْسِيَّةُ (sun letter) and اَلْحُرُوفُ الْقَمَرِيَّةُ (moon letter)

14 letters in Arabic are such that if there is الْ in front of them, then instead of pronouncing ل there will be ‘tashdid’. These are called sun letters and for other letters, ل  will be pronounced, these are called moon letters.

اَلْحُرُوفُ الشَّمْسِيَّةُ

Sun letter

اَلْحُرُوفُ الْقَمَرِيَّةُ

Moon letter

meaning

pronunciation

example

meaning

pronunciation

example

Business man

At-taziru

 ت: اَلتَّاجِرُ

 father

Al-abu

أ: اَلأَبُ

Gown

As-saubu

ث: اَلثَّوبُ

door

Al-babu

ب: اَلْبَابُ 

cock

Ad-diku

د: اَلدِّيكُ

garden

Al-zannah

ج: اَلْجَنَّةُ

gold

Az-zahabu

ذ: اَلذَّهَبُ

donkey

Al-himaru

ح: اَلْحِمَارُ

man

Ar-rozulu

ر: اَلرَّجُلُ

bread

Al-khubzu

خ: اَلْخُبْزُ

flower

Az-zahratu

ز: اَلزَّهْرَةُ

eye

Al-ainu

ع: اَلْعَيْنُ

Fish

As-samaku

س: اَلسَّمَكُ

lunch

Al-godau

غ: اَلْغَدَاءُ

sun

Ash-shamsu

ش: اَلشَّمْسُ

face

Al-famu

ف: اَلْفَمُ

chest

As-sodru

ص: اَلصَّدْرُ

moon

Al-kwamaru

ق: اَلْقَمَرُ

guest

Ad-doifu

ض: اَلضَّيْفُ

dog

Al-kalbu

ك: اَلْكَلْبُ

student

At-twalibu

ط: اَلطَّالِبُ

 water

Al-mau

م: الْمَاءُ

  back

Az-zahru

ظ: اَلظَّهْرُ

boy

Al-oladu

و: اَلْوَلَدُ

meat

Al-lahmu

ل: اَللَّحْمُ

air

Al-hawau

هـ: اَلْهَوَاءُ

star

An-nazmu

ن: اَلنَّجْمُ

hand

Al-yadu

يـ: اَلْيَدُ

 


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